1. Baechle, T, and Earle, R. Bone, muscle, and connective tissue adaptations to physical activity. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning (2nd ed.) Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 62, 2000.
2. Bartelink, D. The roll of abdominal pressure in relieving the pressure on the lumbar intervertebral discs. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 39B(4): 1957.
3. Castka, JF, Metcalfe, HC, Davis, RE, and Williams, JE. Modern Chemistry. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston; 2002.
4. Drazin, D, Shirzadi, A, Jeswani, S, Ching, H, Rosner, J, Rasouli, A, et al. Direct surgical repair of spondylolysis in athletes: indications, techniques, and outcomes. Neuroscience Focus
31(5): E9, 2011.
5. Escamilla, RF. Knee biomechanics of the dynamic squat exercise. Medicine Science and Sports Exercise 33(1): 127-141, 2001.
6. Glassbrook, DJ, Helms, ER, Brown, SR, and Storey, AG. A review of the biomechanical differences between the high-bar and low-bar back-squat. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 31(9): 2618-2634, 2017.
7. Hibbeler, RC. Statics and Mechanics of Materials (4th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall; 75, 2014.
8. Hodges, PW, Eriksson, AE, Shirley, D, and Gandevia, SC. Intra- abdominal pressure increases stiffness of the lumbar spine. Journal of Biomechanics 38(9): 1873-1880, 2005.
9. Hodges, PW, and Richardson, CA. Relationship between limb movement speed and associated contraction of the trunk muscles. Ergonomics 40(11): 1220-1230, 1997.
10. Hodges, PW, and Gandevia, SC. Changes in intra-abdominal pressure during postural activation of the human diaphragm. Journal of Applied Physiology 89(3): 967-976, 2000.
11. Janda, V. Muscle and motor control in low back pain: Assessment and management. Physical Therapy of the Low Back. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 253-278, 1987.
12. Kapandji, AI. Physiology of the Joints: The Lower Limb. Paris, France: Elsevier; 52-55, 2008.
13. Kolar, P, and Andelova, V. Clinical Rehabilitation. Prague, Czech Republic: Rehabilitation Prague School; 2013.
14. Kolar, P, Sulc, J, Kyncl, M, Sanda, J, Cakrt, O, Andel, R, et al. Postural function of the diaphragm in persons with and without chronic low back pain. Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy 42(4): 352-362, 2012.
15. Kolar, P, Sulc, J, Kyncl, M, Sanda, J, Neuwirth, J, Bokarius, AV, et al. Stabilizing function of the diaphragm: Dynamic MRI and synchronized spirometric assessment. Journal of Applied Physiology 109(4): 1064-1071, 2010.
16. Lee, TS, Song, MY, and Kwon, YJ. Activation of back and lower limb muscles during squat exercises with different trunk flexion. Journal of Physical Therapy and Science 28(12): 3407-3410, 2016.
17. Levangie, P, and Norkin, C. Biomechanical applications to joint structure and function. Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis (4th ed.) Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2005.
18. Liebenson, C. Facilitation of agonist-antagonist co-activation. Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Practitioner’s Manual (2nd ed.) Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 539, 2007.
19. Magee, DJ. Orthopedic Physical Assessment. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2014.
20. Marshall,LW,andMcGill,SM.Theroleofaxialtorqueindisc herniation. Clinical Biomechanics 25: 6-9, 2010.
21. McGill, S. Ultimate Back Fitness and Performance (5th ed.) Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Backfitpro Inc.; 2014.
22. Myers, TW. Anatomy Trains: Myofascial Meridians for Manual and Movement Therapists. London, England: Churchill Livingstone; 2001.
23. Richardson, C, Hodges, P, and Hides, J. Therapeutic Exercise for Lumbopelvic Stabilization (2nd ed.) London, England: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.
24. Schuenke,M,Schulte,E,Schumacher,U,Ross,LM,Lamperti, ED, and Voll, M. Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Stuttgart, NY: Thieme; 2010.
25. Ulm, RA. Stability and weightlifting – Mechanics of stabilization – Part 1. NSCA Coach 4.1: 20-26, 2017.
26. Ulm,RA.Compensatorystabilization–Theextension/ compression stabilizing strategy – Part 2. NSCA Coach
4.2: 22-27, 2017.
27. Ulm, RA. Stability and weightlifting – Training stability – Part 3. NSCA Coach 4.3: 30-37, 2017.